Zambia is a large country that lies on the Central African Plateau. It has excellent national parks with abundant bird and animal life. The country shares borders with Zaire, Angola, Namibia, Botswana, Zimbabwe, Mozambique, Malawi and Tanzania, and it covers an area the size of Austria, Hungary, France and Switzerland combined.
Accommodation options for tourists are wonderful, and the variety includes hotels, guest houses, game lodges and camping facilities. As Zambia is well known for its nature reserves and game parks, nature should definitively be on the itinerary of any tourist. South Luangwa is probably the best national park in Zambia, if not the entire African continent, as it has a high game density and is located in a remote and utterly wild area. The greatest concentration of game is to be found along the Luangwa River, which is also one of the most important rivers in Africa. The ideal times to spot the wildlife is during the months of August to October, although the temperatures often reach higher than 32 °C, which can prove to be uncomfortable for some.
A major attraction of Zambia is the Zambezi River and the spectacular Victoria Falls, where tourists can sightsee or take up the challenge of canoeing, white-water rafting or bungee jumping. An exciting adventure activity is to view the Victoria Falls from a microlight, helicopter or vintage Tiger Moth bi-plane, and is probably the best way to see this incredible natural phenomenon, with its massive misty sprays and colourful rainbows.
Accommodation options around the Victoria Falls area abound, and tourists can choose good hotels, lodges or even campsites to suit their budgets.
Tourists to Zambia should be aware that the Visa Waiver Scheme has been abolished by the Zambian Immigration Department, and now all tourists will have to pay to enter the country. The visa fees have also increased, and one should contact the local Zambian Embassy or Consulate for up-to-date information. The rates of exchange of the local currency, the Kwacha, vary constantly.